Throughout the instructions on this web site we have used a variety of seams. Seams are a way of joining fabric together and the more commonly used are illustrated below.
A simple way of joining 2 pieces of fabric together with a single row of stitches.
- Place the fabric pieces, right sides together, matching the raw edges.
- Pin, tack, and stitch, 0.5" (12 mm) in from the raw edges.
- Work a few stitches in reverse at each end to secure.
- Press the seam allowance open.
A self neatening seam that is usually used to join sheer fabrics where no stitches show on the right side.
- With wrong sides together, edges matching, tack and stitch the fabric, taking a 0.25" (6 mm) seam allowance.
- Trim the seam allowance to half its size.
- Refold the fabric with right sides together, to enclose the raw edges.
- Pin and stitch a second seam just big enough to cover the raw edges.
Gathering is used to add frills. A frill before it is gathered needs to be at least 1.5 times it's finished length, but making it twice as long gives a much better effect.
When gathering on a sewing machine, use a heavy-duty thread on the bobbin for extra strength and loosen the upper tension slightly.
- Work 2 rows of stitches, 0.25" (6 mm) either side of the seam line and knot the threads at one end.
- Gently pull the bobbin threads from one end feeding the fabric evenly down the gathers.
- Wind the threads in a figure of eight round a pin at the side when the required length is achieved.
- Instead of machine stitches a small running stitch can be used especially when a long length is to be gathered. It may take longer but there is less chance of the thread breaking.